Vulcana-Bai is placed in the Jiu Valley paraului Vulcana, 20 km north of Targoviste, in the middle of jars, to intretaierea parallel 44° north latitude, and the meridian 25 ° 20' east longitude. Altitude village is only 380 m above sea level, but hills surrounding him, the latter heights which falls in the Bucegi Mountains, marching in lowlands to Targoviste, may yet arrive at the height of 500-600 m and peak volcanoes rising in the west side the valley has 642 m. Narrow valley of volcanoes, going so that intrests and north toward the south, is free so tough for plotting, whose blowing is banging against the Vacaresti domain where high hills toward the east, as well as the summer heat, dampened the wooded heights around it.
According to territorial administrative organization of Romania, Vulcana-Bai is a village which has area of 2815 ha and is composed of three villages, on a stretch of 8 km: Vulcana-Bai, residence and villages Nicolaesti and Vulcana from above, having an area of 28,15 km2 and a population of 3,026 inhabitants of which 1,538 male and 1,488 female (to compile an inventory of March 2002). Commune population Vulcana-Bai drops relatively during the years as follows so that in the year 2011 shall be recorded approximately 3006 inhabitants.
Vulcana-Băi has to the north and north-west villages Râu-Alb and Bărbuleţu, west Pietrari and Voineşti, to the south Brăneşti and Vulcana Pandele, to the east Pucioasa and Moţăieni, and to the north-east the city Fieni.
Ethnic dimension of the commune Vulcana-Bai:
Other ethnic minority (0.09%)
broken down into villages:
Vulcana de Sus: 1.418
On sex: 1.488 women and 1.538 men.
Inhabitants occupation Vulcana-Bai is miscellaneous. In spite of the fact that in Vulcana-Bai there is no industry, many inhabitants are skilled industrial workers. Large part of the population in the area is committed in the 1990s 1960.1970, 1980 in the industrial area in Doicesti, Targoviste, and after 1990 once with the shutting down of these factories is on its way to agriculture and services. A part of the population in the area dealing with land cultivation and livestock farming. From the point of debtors religious population is divided as follows: orthodox (96.42 % ), adventisti of the seventh day (1.04 % ), unknown (1.37 % ), other religion (1.14 % ).
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Area shape is predominantly hilly terrain and this corresponds Subcarpatilor sector jars and Piemontului Candesti of contents Piemontului getic with relatively heavy fragmentation and active processes of the incline. Hills in the area are still average height (between 400-700 m) and are covered with forests of broadleaves large enough, which lowers softly in trough of rivers.
Because of these forests and lush lowlands of rivers in the area, the climate is somewhat gentle without extremes of heat or cold and there is no high winds to move the masses of air suddenly.
Existing climate and significant enough quantity of precipitation fallen over one year are favorable development of agriculture and particularly livestock farming in the area. Also in the area is conducive to spontaneous growth and medicinal plants such as: maces, shock, pigeon, are articulate, hawthorn shrubs, liverwort, herbs, leaflike brain etc, they causing that in recent years these activities to become important for the inhabitants of that region of space.
Between plants grasses specific to the site we can lists the following: papadia, romanita, Margareta, foot cock. And in this area are to be found orchards with apple trees, other than seeds //, pear, but cereals and vegetables, especially in valleys with higher exposure to the sun and with the possibility of mechanized farming. Forests covering area are a habitat ideal for animals that: the stag, chamois leathers, the wolf, the bear, but also for the birds that: thrush that sang of mistletoe, potarnichea, ciocarlia berries, pheasant, pitigoiul of orchards, pheasant, mierla, Mircea Cinteza, etc. in the waters in the area there are a variety of freshwater fish: carp, carasul, mreana, babusca, etc.
Find out about this common first time from documents issued by Radu Serban, survivors' benefits in the throne of the Romanian Mihai Viteazul. Its Hrisovul talks about Valcana and Satu Mare, common today, that would have been bought by Vlad the Impaler for 80000 of sounded hoarse, leaving them the sneaks her sister, Alexandra. Radu Serban will strengthen mastery survivors these villages nobody would hire.
The diggings to Vulcana have highlighted so-called "salted water the lump", remained in the era miocenica, which have the same value of indicator of seabed Sarmatice, in the same way as fosilele animals. These waters of mining area are characterised by a high concentration of sodium chloride and relatively large amounts of iodine and bromine, with high efficiency for the treatment of chronic disease. First reports of the existence of these sources of mineral water from them Vulcana controversed Anatol Demidov's work in 1837; this work refers to the journey made by it in this part of the world.
Existence is highlighted in the two sources Vulcana atermale with smell of brimstone ---, otherwise a good taste and which could be joining of people and animals: one of them, at the foot of woodland monastery, in the Jiu Valley which ii and says "in the valley from the source", about a km of road; the second, more powerful, very close to the road, at the point called "swamp", because round fountain earth was always moistened with water. These two sources are on the right-hand side of paraului Valcana.
These two sources are on the right-hand side of paraului Valcana.
On the other side of paraului, from a hill called the hill Cornilor, on Braneasca, about 500 m to the wire water, acquired a third source. This spring with sulfur smell, called "Puturosul", was operated before World War of some Ovesa. Since then, spring is known as the "spring Ovesa".
In 1885, Dr Jackson. Alexandru Saabner-Tuduri made a statement in the magazine "Hospital" about the waters of the Vulcana. There were four known mineral water fountain iodurata. It cites the results of the analyzes chemist Bernath, sets out the result of research in respect of waters iodurate, up in that year, insisting more on trunks from Vulcana, pointing out that all springs have waters salifere iodurate and flow abundant.
Waters are being investigated and dr. Popescu-Vilcana, V. Dumitrescu and V. Grindeanu. Spring Ovesa is analyzed in 1910 by Dr. C. I. RD, a huge difference between Romanian school of chemistry, locating a alkaline water mineralization litinoasa with total 1,0594 g/liter.
But by the sulphurous water of these springs it became Vulcana resort, but by another mineral water, concentrate, which contains large amounts of iodine and bromine. This early period of the spa resort of volcanic described in 1902 by Dr. GT Zissu, MD of Dambovita county. Vulcana villagers began to turn their homes: bathrooms are small cabins with rooms built their wooden tubs and bring in Ialomita heated stone boulders. Bathroom facilities were ready. In order to ensure a bath 150 liters of water were required.
The first gave importance mineral waters of the volcano and recommended them for bathrooms, was dr. Dimitrie Ioviţiu doctor and hospital Targoviste city. Moreover, dr. Ioviţiu he was part of the owners of these sources, together with dr. Irescu heirs Răţescu C. Petrescu, I. and N. Grigorescu Rucăreanu.
Iodine and sulfur water springs were a real boon, 70-80 years ago boyars who came from all over the country to treat rheumatism. It is said that the sick were brought on stretchers, and after a few baths in iodine waters, went home on their feet. Besides, water successfully treated with liver disease and stomach diseases.
"The resort has been in existence for more than in cooperative system, in the sense that they were cooperative members bathrooms at home. Cooperative Society water distributed by them, and each of the other members have cooperator's buildings, where it was areas bathrooms, and the people came to cooperative members, so it was in private system. Heating is made of rock. Incalzie stones were in the fire and were spent in water".
Before the Second World War, people from all over the country, but also abroad, they were coming to heal the diseases to _one_ style. In 1949 it was coming for the first time the idea of building to Vulcana-bathrooms of a sanatorium, where they will be given treatment of difficulty, using the water healing, considered to be the most iodurata in Europe. Buildings have been lifted up to the roof, and cistern cleaned and captured to the wells.
In 1990 it has started building a database of treatment. It started to build a restaurant and two basins. Buildings have been, but abandoned due to the lack of money, and springs have been clogged for that haven't been used. Inhabitants of Marginea village benefit from postal services, phone, cable TV and public transport. Also common is connected to natural gas networks and drinking water.
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Local Tourist Information and Promotion Center Vulcana-Băi
Vlad Țepeș street, no. 11
Vulcana-Băi, Dâmbovița, 137535,