Vulcana Pandele is a commune in Dambovita county in 2002, the zone Muntenia, Romania and is located in the north-west of Dambovita county, being formed from the villages mouth Vulcanei, Laculete-station, Toculesti and Vulcana Pandele (residence). Vulcana Pandele Common is located in the northern part of Dambovita county, mainly on the shore, but a bit on the left of the river Ialomita, being was crossed to the west of creek Vulcana. Territory village passing from subcarpatica area to the Highlands Bucegi Mountains, DN 71 being and his path of access to both Bucegi Mountains and National Park resorts on the Prahova Valley on the one hand and the Vulcana Pandele common and still Vulcana-bathrooms, Pietrari, Voinesti, Tatarani on the other side. Its territory is divided by the River in Ialomita and its tributaries (paraurile Vulcana, Vacea, glassware, Slanic, Glod and relative etc) as follows: on one side and Vulcana Pandele Vulcana-Bai , and on the other side and in Doicesti Aninoasa. More to the north is another bad important, Dambovita River and plant influent or River White passing in the vicinity of the two common Pietrari and Voinesti.
Ethnic dimension of the commune Vulcana Pandele:
Other ethnic minority (0.42%)
In accordance with census carried out in 2011, the population of Marginea village Vulcana Pandele stood up to 5,134 inhabitants, on the rise as previous census in 2002, when he had seen 4,959 inhabitants. Most of the inhabitants are Romanians (97,04 % ). For (2.53kg) % of the population, ethnic minority membership is not known. From the point of view religious, most of the inhabitants are Christian Orthodox (95,11 % ). To 2,63 % of the population, it is not known whether confessional.
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Neighboring villages are: to the north-west Vulcana-bathrooms; to the north and north-east militants; to the south, in Doicesti; to the south-west and east Sotanga Glodeni. By the end to south-west, which is located on the left bank of Ialomitei, common is of national road DN 71 linking the brimstone -- and Targoviste Sinaia, as well as the railways Targoviste-Pietrosita, which has a station. The national highway, to Vulcana Pandele road branching off county DJ 712B leading to Valea Dambovitei and DN 72A to the springs. Shape subcarpatilor commune belongs to the curvature. The town is surrounded by hills what economies decrease in height, by making the switch to Plain Targovistei. Subcarpatice hills have a height of 400 to 800 m, the most representative being: the Hill of hairs (745 m), the hill or deceived (722 m), the tip at high, the tip Vulcanei (642 m).
Altitude aerial drops consists of Ialomita and its tributaries. The level of water Ialomitei is generally constant, around 65 cm.
Flora is a eurasiatic, the area which he/she belongs, while sitting in the region euro-Siberian omelet out, to the interference province the Daco-Romanians ilirice province with central European east Carpatica, in Carpathian constituency Southerners Cristalini predominantly foioasele. From the point of view of vegetation, the region is within gorunului floor, which takes up the largest part of the forested area. The most common species are: aninul, arinul, gorunul, carpenul, raft or other cashiers gray, beech tree, sovarul, meadow fescue, cucuta berries, oak tree, salcamul, frasinul, tree, wild ciresul, molidul etc. In across meadow Ialomitei and brooks meet zavoaie in prevailing species of Anin spend, aspen leaves white, black yellow aspen leaves, salix and straw. Everything in the area are to be found and a series of shrubs such as: are articulate, the shock, Cornu, paducelul, macesul. Centuries ago forests covered more than 70% of area of the region, their lawful which may have occurred in the last century, ushering in meadows and land for cultivation. Forests are covering hills in the area provides good habitat for animal species of interest and landscape interest: the bear, wild boar, wolverine, wolf, deer, rabbit, squirrel, small rodent. Of the species of birds of interest hunting, in the forests of beech meet Cinteza and mierla. Bottom grazers are represented by guster and different species of snakes. Climate is temperate-continental zone specific subcarpatice, with annual average temperatures of 9.5 °C. Average date of the first frost is October 20, and that of freezing last April 15, interval time frost-free being 120 days. Annual average atmospheric skiers is 650 - 700 mm, with a maximum of 900 mm in June.
On the shore right Ialomitei, common is of its main highway, county road DJ 712, which runs parallel to the national, on the other bank of Ialomitei, brimstone -- in Targoviste. Consists of Common villages Vulcana Pandele, his mouth Vulcanei, Toculesti and Laculete-railway station. Has 4954 inhabitants, 1690 operation households and 1604 dwellings. Total surface area of the commune is 2508 ha, of which 2257,6 250,4 ha ha lands and land. Main activities of the inhabitants of Marginea village are: the small industry (tamplarie, leather and webbing) and agriculture.
Both are grown cereals (wheat and corn), but and vegetables (potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage, cucumbers etc), but predominate in the area plum tree orchards, apple, hair and NUC. Plantations spread all hillsides having regard exposure east and west, but also to the south by the river effluents of rivers in the area.
Mineral resource the richest in the area is mineral water with a rich content in iodine and sulfur, the discovery is due to a chemist Bernard which in the XIX th century reaching a conclusion that extraordinary and that is that these waters are in second place in Europe from the point of view of concentration of iodine; this could be the foundation stone to the development of tourism spend in the area in the years ahead. Another form of tourism is tourism that is supported by a series of specific activities in the area such as braiding wicker baskets and bee-keeping. Inhabitants of Marginea village benefit from postal services, phone, cable TV and public transport. Also common is connected to natural gas networks and drinking water.
Area is also very swatches of waveforms very interesting in the forests of a beauty about it, ideal for racing with ATV's,, bicycles, but also walking at a slow pace.
First documentary attestation of the village Vulcana Pandele is the document issued by MARS ruler Radu Serban on 20 January 1604, which shows that the village already exists in the middle years of the century of XV century, when Vlad the Impaler he "gave it sneaks" her sister Alexandrina. The Vulcana name comes from "valc", which in 14- 16th centuries mean wolf; historians are of the opinion that Vulcana refers to "Roman she wolf", within the meaning of the legend of lupoaicei. In age, the area was well into wooded and inhabited by wolves.
Located at the outset in nobles living property of villagers, the village Valcana was sold on a number of occasions, reaching in his Valcu, Logofat of blind and then his son's Bunea, which came in 1638 to dispel old owners and reluctance to make numerous other shopping ocina. Owners have been families Bunea Gradisteanu and Fusea. In the year 1779, Serban Fusea and son Negoita have built schitul Fusea today monument of religious architecture.
At the end of the 19th century, common Vulcana Pandele was part of aspect and what is its meaning in Ialomita-Dambovita Dambovita county and was stitching mouth Vulcanei villages, Fagetel and Vulcana Pandele, in these villages two churches, two monasteries and a school. In 1925, she was the same common composition and was stateless plasii brimstone -- from the same county, having regard to the three villages a population of 2173 inhabitants.
In ancient records (1810/1999 ) appears and the Vicus Schitul Fusii.
The oldest village of the commune is Fagetel village, that is to say certified in 1475, and with the name of villages Valcana is certified documentary during commemorating Vlad the Impaler.
As regards the name Vulcana, based on his resolve Slav old word "vluku" which means "wolf", in which he was born word Valcana.
In the parties Vulcanei sitting Matei Basarab and the first glassware of Wallachia as regards placement name "glassware", it refers primarily to the occupation of its inhabitants called "sticlareni" or the existence of sticlarii, which emphasizes that the village was set up answering some economic needs. Oven traces are burned raw material for the manufacture of glass from Sotanga are still visible today on the way that goes to the outskirter, in area "Corlatesti" in the Jiu Valley paraului Vulcana. In 1900 the glass factory has moved to Salzgitter AG, here while keeping the memory only his existence as clerks and occupation of empty - that's why sellers of glass - people would have josled, glasses, jars - through the country.
At the beginning of the 19th century, his estate Valcana is divided into more than one of the parties, forming more oasis: Valcana Top, Bottom Valcana, today Vulcana Pandele, his mouth Vulcanei, Vulcana-bathrooms, Vulcanita, from where they went village inhabitants glassware at the beginning of the 19th century, when processing has stagnated, revigorand Valcana, which in order to distinguish from the others, it will take over the Vulcana toponimul Pandele. It is coming to the former owner of the century of the 19th century, Pandelache Mavropolo.
As regards economic activity, it is said that one of the main local exploitation was the fact of their forests, in 1920 real networks and made up the cooperative forestry "progress", and in 1930 another cooperative called "Joining".
In 1950, common was subordinated raionului brimstone -- in the region carpentry and then (after 1952 (sickness ) in the raionului Targoviste in the region Ploiesti. In 1968, he had come back to common county Dambovita (re-set up), but it was immediately dissolved and villages they were included in the village militants, common drawbacks of the Pucioasa city torment.
Vulcana Pandele Common has been set up in July 2002 by then having current composition and being answerable directly Dambovita county.
Inhabitants of Marginea village benefit from postal services, phone, cable TV and public transport. Also common is connected to natural gas networks and drinking water.
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The weather in Vulcana-Băi
Local Tourist Information and Promotion Center Vulcana-Băi
Vlad Țepeș street, no. 11
Vulcana-Băi, Dâmbovița, 137535,